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Archived from the original on January 15, Colds are very minor, but they are inconvenient and can certainly be miserable. But you can do a few key things during cold season to help you avoid picking up one of the viruses. Wash your hands. Old-fashioned soap and water is the best way to stop the spread of germs. Take care of your gut. Eat plenty of bacteria-rich foods like yogurt, or take a daily probiotic supplement.
Keeping your gut bacteria community healthy can help your overall health. Avoid sick people. Be sure to wash your hands after coming into contact them. Cover your cough. Viruses, often cold rhinoviruses, can be spread person to person or surface to person. A virus can live on a surface for several days.
If someone with a virus touches a door handle, people who touch that same handle for several days afterward may pick up the virus. You must spread the virus to your eyes, nose, or mouth in order to get sick. Age: Children under age 6 are more likely to develop colds. Their risk is even higher if they are in day care or a child care setting with other kids. Compromised immune system: If you have a chronic illness or have been sick recently, you may be more likely to pick up a cold virus.
Smoking: People who smoke have an increased risk for catching a cold. Their colds also tend to be more severe when they have them. When you have a cold, you may have a hard time sleeping well due to congestion, coughing, or a runny nose. Some medications may help you sleep better….
If you have a cold and want to run, a good rule of thumb is to consider the location of your symptoms. If your symptoms are located above your neck…. Besides medication, there are several natural decongestants that can unclog stuffy nasal passages and help you breathe easier. Find out which remedies…. Everyone wants to know how to get rid of a cold fast. Slushy and muddy ground causes clothing and equipment to become wet, damp and dirty. It addresses minimizing the use of roads during this period and dismantling bridges that are likely to be taken out by ice floes.
It emphasizes how positions in frozen soil must be improved to avoid deterioration from thaw and the necessity of changing uniforms from ones for cold to those for wet conditions.
The dominant tactical concern in cold conditions is the ability to maneuver in vehicles or on foot. Additionally, during winter, night operations become the norm at higher latitudes with their long periods of darkness. It describes snow clearing from roads and recovery of bogged-down vehicles.
Soviet Army doctrine emphasized the use of sleds for transporting machine guns and mortars over snow, towed in a train by tracked tractors. It addressed the need to pre-heat tanks for use in winter and their application in advance of marching troops to take out enemy positions.
Finnish military doctrine calls for small-unit movements with anti-tank guided missiles and multiple launch rocket systems to attack foreign forces that have entered the country. US Army guidance advocates that over snow-covered terrain, vehicles may be employed to establish and maintain trails by establishing a well concealed track with the first vehicle, followed by a vehicle traveling offset from the track of the first, to flatten the trail, and subsequent vehicles widening and flattening the trail.
Marked trails avoid obliteration in snowstorms or drifting conditions. In mountainous terrain, tracked vehicles, including tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, and cavalry fighting vehicles, rarely accompany dismounted infantry in the assault. Instead, they assist forces by occupying positions where they can use their firepower to isolate enemy objectives. The German Taschenbuch describes preparation and conduct of marches and advocates maintaining slow, steady progress with brief stops to avoid exposure to the wind, and the provision of warm beverages by support vehicles along the way.
Soviet Army doctrine emphasized the use ski troops for dismounted operations over snow. US Army guidance explains that troops moving in a wedge-like "column" formation travel more slowly, with no one breaking the trail in undisturbed snow, than the in-line file formation. Therefore, column formation is reserved for imminent enemy contact. As slope angle increases, the amount of travel time is likely to increase substantially.
The German Taschenbuch describes the assessment and reinforcement of ice crossings and also the opportunity to use them as tank traps by removing the ice and bridging the gap with a weak structure, disguised as reinforced ice.
It offers the following guidance for crossing ice sheets: . Soviet Army doctrine described the assessment and reinforcement of ice crossings and suggested the use of frozen lakes and rivers as expeditionary airfields, located close to the front to take advantage of short daylight hours in winter.
According to the US Army, rivers found in cold regions may be major obstacles. Subarctic rivers usually have many braided channels and swift currents. During spring and early winter, rivers may become impassable due to freezing or thawing ice flows.
Once firmly frozen, rivers may offer routes for both mounted and dismounted movement. Some swampy areas do not freeze solidly during the coldest periods of winter to support troop movements. Armies have made use of improvised and official snow camouflage uniforms and equipment since the First World War , such as in the fighting in the Dolomite Mountains between Austria-Hungary and Italy. For example, the Bundeswehr has a Schneetarn snow variant of its widely used Flecktarn pattern.
Soviet Army doctrine emphasized the importance of camouflage over positions and the need to remove telltale signs of artillery actions, such as smoke stains or shell casings. It also cited the usefulness of decoy targets.
Snow, ice and cold temperatures affect munitions and military vehicles. Munitions — Snow, ice, frozen ground, and low temperatures affect mine-laying operations. Burying mines in a frost layer may be difficult, requiring mines to be placed on top of the ground and then camouflaged. Snow or ice may prevent detonation, owing to freezing the firing device or isolating from pressure above. This can be mitigated with plastic laid over the top of the mine.
Vehicles — Adaptations of military vehicles to winter operations include tire chains for maintaining traction of wheeled vehicles.
Diesel engines start less well in cold and may require pre-heating or idling during cold periods. Military engineers design and construct transportation and troop-support facilities. In cold climates frozen ground can make digging difficult. Operations that didn't require special equipment were left to other troops. Engineers provide roadways, landing zones, shelter, water supply and wastewater disposal, and electrical power to encampments.
Roadway and landing zones require heavy equipment, which is more fatiguing to operate in the cold and necessary to protect from freezing. Snowstorms require cleanup and spring thaw requires management of thawed soil.
Landing zones require stabilization of dust and snow to avoid blinding helicopter pilots. The US Army has cold-weather adaptive kits for providing water and electrical utilities. The tactical engineer has limited options for providing a water supply; they are in order of ease of provision: drawing water from rivers or lakes, melting ice or snow, or drilling wells. Water supply and treatment is especially challenging in the cold. Water storage may require heating.
Water source exploitation may require angering through ice, if shaped charges are not available. The water distribution system can be subject to freezing and clogging from frazil ice. Where chemical treatment is used, it takes longer to dissolve in the treated water.
Three types of cold injury can occur in the theater, hypothermia , trench foot , and frostbite in ascending amount of exposure to cold temperatures. Symptoms depend on the temperature and range from shivering and mental confusion to increased risk of the heart stopping. The treatment of mild hypothermia involves warm drinks, warm clothing and physical activity. In those with moderate hypothermia heating blankets and warmed intravenous fluids are recommended.
People with moderate or severe hypothermia should be moved gently. In severe hypothermia extracorporeal membrane oxygenation ECMO or cardiopulmonary bypass may be useful.
In those without a pulse cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR is indicated along with the above measures. Adequate insulation from clothing is the best way to avoid hypothermia in the field.
Exposure to these environmental conditions causes deterioration and destruction of the capillaries and leads to morbidity of the surrounding flesh. Ted Cruz's big play to block Vladimir Putin's pipeline. The benchmarks are trading at the highest in eight months amid outages from Australia to Norway, and as buyers jumped in to secure cargoes before prices rose too much.Winter Lyrics. [Intro] And it sure been a cold, cold winter. And the wind ain’t been blowing from the south. It's sure been a cold, cold winter. And the light of love is all burned out. [Chorus.